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  • Writer's pictureMurat BARIŞ

Stray Dog Facts and Solution Suggestions in Turkey

Türkiye is a country known for its rich cultural heritage and history. However, one of the social problems Turkey faces is stray dogs. Stray dogs have become a part of daily life in many parts of the country. In this study, the situation of stray dogs in Turkey, the difficulties encountered and potential solutions will be discussed.



The Situation of Street Dogs


In Turkey, stray dogs are generally homeless, abandoned or born directly on the street. These dogs are common in both major cities and rural areas. Various factors play a role in the increase in the number of stray dogs:


  • Abandonment: Pet owners abandoning their dogs causes the number of stray dogs to increase. Reasons such as economic difficulties, unconscious animal ownership and difficulty in caring for animals increase the rate of abandonment.


  • Lack of Sterilization: Inadequate sterilization programs lead to the breeding of stray dogs and an uncontrolled increase in the population.


  • Inadequate Shelters: The number and capacity of animal shelters in Turkey are insufficient to meet the needs of stray animals. Existing shelters are often poorly equipped and crowded.


Challenges Facing Street Dogs


Street dogs face many difficulties in order to survive:


  • Hunger and Thirst: Street dogs struggle with hunger and thirst because they do not have the opportunity to eat regularly and adequately. This causes health problems and shortened life spans.


  • Diseases: Stray dogs are vulnerable to infectious diseases. Diseases such as parasites, skin diseases and rabies pose serious threats to both dogs and humans.


  • Violence and Mistreatment: Street dogs can be exposed to violence and mistreatment from humans. Incidents such as injury, poisoning and death by unconscious individuals occur.


Solution offers


Various strategies and policies can be applied to solve the problem of stray dogs:


  • Sterilization and Vaccination Programs: Comprehensive sterilization and vaccination programs should be organized in cooperation with local governments and non-governmental organizations. In this way, the reproduction of stray dogs can be controlled and health problems can be reduced.


  • Education and Awareness Campaigns: Public awareness of animal rights should be raised. Love for animals and awareness of responsibility should be instilled in schools, media and social events.


  • Improvement and Increasing of Shelters: The capacity of existing animal shelters should be increased and new shelters should be built. Shelter equipment and staff training should also be improved.


  • Abandonment Prevention Strategies: Information and support programs should be created for individuals who want to adopt a pet. Support can be provided regarding veterinary services to animal owners experiencing economic difficulties.


  • Legal Regulations and Inspections: Deterrent legal regulations should be made against those who mistreat stray dogs and these regulations should be effectively inspected. Additionally, the implementation of laws that will protect animal rights should be ensured.


The problem of stray dogs in Turkey is an important issue not only for the animals but also for the general health and safety of society. Comprehensive and multifaceted strategies should be adopted to solve this problem. It is possible to increase the quality of life of stray dogs with the cooperation and sensitivity of all segments of society. In this process, both individual efforts and institutional policies are of great importance.

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