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  • Writer's pictureMurat BARIŞ

Turkey's Political Future, Challenging Roads, and Potential Opportunities

Updated: Apr 17

Türkiye has always been an important actor in global politics with its historical and geographical location. However, in recent years, the country's political scene has faced various challenges, resulting in an uncertain future expectation. However, important opportunities also lie within these uncertainties.

Authoritarian Tendency and Democratic Recovery: Turkey has shown a tendency towards authoritarianism in recent years during the Justice and Development Party's rule. Due to some populist policies, there has been a decline in basic democratic principles such as media freedom, human rights and independence of justice. However, this process is not irreversible. Turkey's political future can be shaped by strengthening democratic institutions and restarting the democratization process. This can only be achieved if political actors show a sincere will for democratic reforms and ensure the participation of different segments of society.

Global and Regional Dynamics: One of the important factors shaping Turkey's political future is global and regional dynamics. Conflicts in neighboring countries such as Syria, Iraq and Libya affect Turkey's foreign policy. Additionally, relations with the European Union and relations with great powers such as Russia and the USA also affect Turkey's political course. While balancing these dynamics, Türkiye can strengthen its political stability by emphasizing international cooperation and diplomacy.

Economic Challenges and the Need for Reform: Another important factor affecting Turkey's political future is the economic situation. Economic fluctuations, inflation and exchange rate fluctuations in recent years have increased uncertainty within the country. Structural reforms and sustainable growth strategies are needed to ensure economic stability. If the current government prioritizes economic reforms and pursues a transparent economic policy, it can strengthen Turkey's political stability and increase the confidence of international investors.

Social Harmony and Diversity: Turkey's political future will also be shaped by social harmony and diversity. Our country, where different ethnic, religious and cultural groups live together, should see this diversity as a wealth and provide an environment where everyone's rights and freedoms are protected. Promoting social tolerance, dialogue and participation can strengthen Turkey's political stability and social cohesion.

Although Turkey's political future is full of uncertainties, these uncertainties also contain important opportunities. Steps to be taken in areas such as democratization, economic reforms, international cooperation and social harmony can strengthen Turkey's political stability and enable the country to move towards a brighter future. In this process, it is important for political leaders and all segments of society to work together and unite around a common vision.


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